viernes, 10 de septiembre de 2010


Magnetism has been known since ancient Greece as the ownership 
of certain minerals such as magnetite (so named because it was discovered 
in the Greek region called Magnesia) to attract pieces of iron. They are natural
 magnets.It appears that it was the Chinese who first used magnets as compasses in the 
twelfth century.Petrus Peregrinus (Pierre de Maricourt), a French crusader, in 1269 found that if
 a needle is left freely on a spherical magnet, it is oriented along lines passing
 through points located at opposite ends of the field. By analogy, states north and 
south poles of the magnet, and found that the north pole andsouth pole attract, like poles repel it, and that the fragment a piece of magnetite, 
magnetic poles are still appearing.Magnetite crystalsIn the s. XVI, William Gilbert (physician to Queen Elizabeth), artificial magnets
 produced by rubbing pieces of iron and magnetite. He also suggested that the
 operation of the compass was due to the magnetic properties of the Earth.There are some creatures that have magnets inside that work like compasses.
 It is called magnetism. It seems that this phenomenon is the ability to orient migrating birds.Some bacteria naturally synthesize grains of magnetite (iron oxide, Fe3O4 formula)
 with a single domain, which are aligned and give rise to microscopic compass,
 allowing them to navigate.Found magnetite crystals inside the skull of the pigeon, connected to many nerves.
As a result, the pigeons know longitudinally oriented magnetic field, ie north-south 
and east-west, as well as the latitude, ie according to the inclination of the field. Also
 magnetic substances have been found in other organisms such as bees, monarch
 butterflies, moles, turtles and even in human brain tissue.One of the many applications of magnetic fields are the magnetic stripes on credit 
cards, phone ... They keep the information through the tiny magnetic domains. The 
reader consists of a small coil which induces an electric current to the passage of
 the card. So often damaged the card when it comes to intense magnetic fields.In ancient times the magnetite attributed many properties. Was supposed to cure
 rheumatism and gout and allowed to speak with the gods. In the sixteenth century
 Paracelsus tried to use magnetism to cure diseases, but accomplished nothing. 
All its supposed successes were due to placebo effect. Even today we are also 
trying to sell magnetic bracelets and other devices as a remedy for many ailments, 
but there is no scientific evidence of its benefits

magnetic microwire

  1. The Community of Madrid, through the Ministry of Education
  2.  (Directorate General for Universities and Research), awarded
  3.  this initiative in the First Contest of Ideas for Spin-Off of 
  4. Researchers madri d in the area of New Materials, 
  5. Nanotechnology and Technology Production, the project entitled 
  6. "Project for the creation of a company dedicated to the manufacture,
  7.  research, innovation, and commercialization of amorphous magnetic
  8.  materials."In a first stage the work Micromag focused on automation 
  9. and mass production of amorphous magnetic microwire. This objective
  10.  has been achieved by modifying the laboratory equipment, making them 
  11. more stable, and ensuring repeatability of the process. Incorporated, also, 
  12. a system for quality control. These improvements have led to currently 
  13. available production methods and efficient enough to be controlled to 
  14. meet new applications.A magnetic microwire is a continuous filament of
  15.  less than 100 mm in diameter consisting of a metallic core covered with a
  16.  layer of glass. The manufacturing method, which depends directly on the 
  17. cast in one operation, is inherently cheaper and has been used successfully
  18.  to produce a wide range of metals and alloys that vary in size 100 ìm to 3 mm
  19.  in diameter total. Amorphous magnetic microwires with exceptional magnetic
  20.  properties are usually obtained using the technique of Taylor-Ulitowski. The 
  21. core diameter and thickness of the cover are just microns.The interesting magneto
  22. c properties of microwires are strongly correlated with its high axial magnetic 
  23. anisotropy. This is because the amorphous structure, cylindrical geometry and 
  24. mechanical stress generated during the manufacturing process due to the 
  25. difference between the coefficients of thermal expansion of glass and metal.Among
  26.  the many applications that can be used amorphous magnetic microwires stresses its
  27.  use as a base for composite materials (composites), which have high absorption 
  28. properties of high frequency electromagnetic radiation in the range of 0.5 to 25 GHz . Micromag has been able to integrate the microwire in different materials such as silicon, glass fibers, paints and construction materials, achieving levels of attenuation of the
  29.  incident radiation very high.The magnetic sensors developed using microwaves are
  30.  based on the operational principles strongly related to its composition and axial 
  31. anisotropy through the magnetostriction constant and represented the effect of
  32.  a large Barkhausen jump, and giant magnetoimpedance Mateucci effect.
  33. Fig1_Innovacion31_1.jpg